Resinous flooring consists of applying a base of resinous material, such as epoxy, polyurethane and methacrylate, to concrete, wood or other rigid subtracts. Resinous flooring systems are smooth and non-porous; they are often used in new construction and restoration projects as a self-leveling slurry. Resinous flooring systems are classified for decorative systems, general-use commercial and industrial systems and high-performance or special-application systems.
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- Decorative flooring systems often use a matrix of clear epoxy with ceramic-coated silica or colored-quartz. The applied slurry is often one quarter-inch thick and has glossy or matte finishing coats that make the floors easier to clean and more resistant to chemicals. These resinous flooring systems are also slip-resistant. They have many applications, including locker rooms, bathrooms, food-processing and animal holding areas.
General-Use Commercial and Industrial Systems
- These systems often use pigmented resins and natural silica aggregates or clear resins and pigmented aggregates, such as dyed stone. In these systems, the slurry application is slightly thicker, when compared to the decorative flooring systems. General-use resinous flooring systems can resist abrasion, impact and most common chemicals. However, these flooring systems should not be exposed to high temperatures that soften the resin or used in areas subject to steam-cleaning.
- These resinous flooring systems are formulated to withstand environments of extreme conditions, including corrosion, as well as abrupt changes in hot to cold temperatures, or vice-versa. Epoxy, urethane and vinyl ester are the polymers often used in these systems. Although epoxy generally provides electric insulation, some resin formulations available today have even stronger static-dissipative and conductive features. These specialized systems are ideal for environments where the natural formation of static-electricity can cause problems, such as in the electronic industry. Electrostatic discharge can damage the hardware of computers and gaming machines.
Antimicrobial Additives and Waterproofing Membranes
- It is possible to add chemical substances with antimicrobial activity to the resin before application. Antimicrobial additives inhibit the reproduction of microorganisms in contact with the floor, as well as helping to decrease odors. Although resinous flooring systems are by nature water-resistant, it is recommended that you add a waterproof membrane to protect against cracks and excessive moisture. Waterproof membranes must be compatible with the type of resinous formulation used.